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The Seven Types of Intelligence

 Psychologist Howard Gardner has identified the following distinct types of intelligence in his Multiple Intelligences Theory ("MI Theory") in the book "Frames of Mind." They are listed here with respect to gifted / talented children.photo of Howard Gardner from www.ed.psu.edu

1. Linguistic Children with this kind of intelligence enjoy writing, reading, telling stories or doing crossword puzzles.
2. Logical-Mathematical Children with lots of logical intelligence are interested in patterns, categories and relationships. They are drawn to arithmetic problems, strategy games and experiments.
3. Bodily-Kinesthetic These kids process knowledge through bodily sensations. They are often athletic, dancers or good at crafts such as sewing or woodworking.
4. Spatial These children think in images and pictures. They may be fascinated with mazes or jigsaw puzzles, or spend free time drawing, building with Leggos or daydreaming.
5. Musical Musical children are always singing or drumming to themselves. They are usually quite aware of sounds others may miss. These kids are often discriminating listeners.
6. Interpersonal Children who are leaders among their peers, who are good at communicating and who seem to understand others' feelings and motives possess interpersonal intelligence.
7. Intrapersonal These children may be shy. They are very aware of their own feelings and are self-motivated.
MI Theory teaches parents and educators to look for signs of innate precociousness in children and then to help develop them.

When asked for advice on how parents could rear successful children, Gardner replied that we should not try to make our children good at what we ourselves were good at, or what we ourselves were not good at. Gardner says that our job is to help our children become who they are supposed to be, not what we think they should be. Some parents find it difficult to follow this course.

Since publishing his original list of seven intelligences, Gardner has added Naturalist and Existential to bring the total number to nine Intelligences.

(some text from Bill Allen, photo from http://www.ed.psu.edu)

All of Howard Gardner's best books on multiple intelligences are on sale at Amazon:

Advanced Placement
Debate Team
Foreign Language Camps - Listing
Foreign Language Camps - Theory
International Baccalaureate
National Honor Society
TAG Bibliography
Tools for Writers



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Return to the index page, which has additional Gifted/Talented resources.

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